Einsfühlung bei Scheler und im Neukonfuzianismus – Eine phänomenologische und interkulturelle Untersuchung


  • Wei Zhang




Phenomenology, comparative religion, Einsfühlung, all in one, ordo amoris


Scheler tried to establish a bridge between the phenomenological description of the essence of Einsfühlung and the research of comparative religion on the phenomena of Einsfühlung in different culture circles. However, he paid little attention on the discussion of cosmic Einsfühlung in ancient Chinese thoughts, especially on the idea of “all in one” in the Confucianism of Song and Ming Dynasty. The theory of “all in one” contains the dimensions of metaphysics, Self-cultivation and social political meanings. It is significant to the comparative religious exploration on Einsfühlung. Basically speaking, both Scheler’s Einsfühlung and Confucian “all in one” have to face the social political realities in their time, and have the spirit and ambition of “benefiting the world”. And to wake up or have access to Einsfühlung and “all in one” is the main priority for them. Compared with Scheler’s somewhat mysterious way, the Confucian tradition not only enriches the ideal types of cosmic Einsfühlung, but also offers new and practicable skills for “re-train cosmic Einsfühlung” in the level of theory of Self-cultivating and ethics.