Schelers Anthropologie in der zeitgenössischen Kritik


  • Wolfhart Henckmann



Max Scheler, Anthropology, Peter Wust, Max Horkheimer


Max Scheler died three month before his brochure on Man’s Place in the Cosmos (1928) was published – a fragment of Scheler’s many times announced but never accomplished fundamental work on philosophic anthropology. My paper focuses on the discussion of his anthropology before, after World War II, he was installed as a member of the outstanding triumvirate of 20th century philosophic anthropology (Scheler-Plessner-Gehlen).

The first part of my paper gives a panoramic view over the diversity of necrological accounts of Scheler’s anthropology which he finally had declared to be the very core of his philosophy. The second and third part inform about the detailed comments on Scheler’s anthropology given from a decidedly Christian standpoint by Peter Wust (1929) and from the standpoint of the early Frankfurt School given by Max Horkheimer (1935).